Cybersecurity: Issues and Challenges




Introduction


When any cybercriminal performs a digital attack on any one computer or the entire computer system, it is called a cyber attack.


   In this situation, that cybercriminal will have one or the entire computer network, through which he attacks another computer's network.  A remote computer can be blocked by a cyber attack.  There is a full chance of data being hacked and information can be leaked.


  Cyber ​​hackers can hack the remote computer and install its program and control that computer, then the remote control works perfectly according to the cybercriminal, even if that computer  Be available with us.

Humans are the weakest link in the cybersecurity chain. Amateurs hack systems but professionals hack people. it's become imperative to form awareness within the utilization of digital platforms through digital literacy. it's a crucial requirement for safe and secure use of digital resources.


The earth we sleep in is extremely connected and digitally exhaustive. Of the 7.6 billion humans on earth, around 3.6 billion are online. Today, social networks became one of the foremost communication channels. Within relatively sh01t times social media has empowered people and connected them. But, at the same time, they have also provided platforms for a couple of decidedly unhealthy and destructive behavior. Social media platforms became just one of the endless data channels that cybercriminals are exploiting. during this era, we'd like skills for surviving in the digital environment. For security and safe use of digital resources, digital literacy has become a requirement. It empowers us with the facility to use information and communication technologies to hunt out , evaluate, create and communicate information requiring both cognitive and technical skills. Digital natives are always with laptops or smart devices in their hand, but how effectively they're using internet for his or her capacity building is questionable. There are many problems like bullying, cyber crime, copyright issues, security threat and social unawareness among others. Digitally literate individuals find meaning in digital information and make use of it; they exhibit the characteristics of cultural and social understanding, collaboration, the facility to hunt out and choose information, effective communication, E-safety, functional skills, creativity and important thinking. Therefore, to avoid and stop threats in digital world, digital literacy is vital , which helps in creating awareness in digital space. within the year 2016, there are an entire of 758 million online attacks worldwide, which amounts to around 2 million during one day. Even technically legal activities often involve misuse of individuals' Personally Identifiable Information (PII). Every organisation, be it big or small, has been the victim of cyber attacks. This reiterates that cyber attacks are real and your and my account can fall prey thereto , counting on any random day. Therefore, it's required to form awareness on learning to mitigate the attacks. Bots Bots and pretend followers are a huge concern within the social media environment. Bot programs target specific hashtags and work by auto- commenting and auto-liking so as

Cyber security other challenges





1  - Recognizing that you simply simply are a target


Small organizations don’t always realize that their assets and data are still attractive to cyber criminals. “In our modern economy, most companies have things that attackers want—information and money, says Matthew Eshleman, CTO of Community IT. “Cyber threats face organizations of every size.”

A basic grasp of cyber security best practices would be a huge step within the proper direction for several companies, says Kevin Raske, cyber security marketing specialist at Vipre. “It means being constantly aware that you simply simply are a target. the majority of breaches occur thanks to human error.” Acknowledging that attackers might come after your company is step No. 1 to developing a defense.

2 - cyber physical attacks risks and consequences


 the same technology that has enabled us to modernize and computerize critical infrastructure also brings risk. the continued threat of hacks targeting electrical grids, transportation systems, water treatment facilities, etc., represent a significant vulnerability going forward. according to a recent report within the ny Times, even America’s multibillion-dollar military systems are in peril of high-tech evil .

3 - state sponsored cyber attacks statistics


Beyond hackers looking to make a profit through stealing individual and company data, entire nation states are now using their cyber skills to infiltrate other governments and perform attacks on critical infrastructure. Cybercrime today could also be a serious threat not just for the private sector and for people apart from the govt. and thus the state as a whole. As we enter 2020, state-sponsored attacks are expected to increase, with attacks on the critical infrastructure of particular concern.

Many such attacks target government-run systems and infrastructure, but private sector organizations are also in peril. according to a report from Thomson Reuters Labs: “State-sponsored cyberattacks are an emerging and significant risk to the non-public enterprise which can increasingly challenge those sectors of the business world that provide convenient targets for settling geopolitical grievances.”

4 - impact of cryptojacking


The cryptocurrency movement also affects cybersecurity in other ways. as an example, cryptojacking could also be a trend that involves cybercriminals hijacking third-party home or work computers to “mine” for cryptocurrency. Because mining for a cryptocurrency (like Bitcoin, for example) requires immense amounts of computer processing power, hackers can make money by secretly piggybacking on someone else’s systems. For businesses, cryptojacked systems can cause serious performance issues and dear downtime because it works to trace down and resolve the problem.

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© 2020 by Aryan Pathak