Rafale is the most powerful gift for India on the auspicious occasion of 15 August Independence Day.
Indian airforce is currently facing a shortage of fighters jets. India may have to fight on two front because of the threat to India from Pakistan and China. For this, the Indian airforce should have 42 squadern fighter jets, but their number has come down to 32 squarden.
36 Rafale JETS will be delivered by 2022. five Rafale fighter jets that land in Ambala on Wednesday morning will resurrect the Number 17 Golden Arrows squadron of the Indian Air Force. Rafale is a two-engine multirole combact aircraft. Which is manufactured by dassaultAviation. Rafale jets is designed for long and short range missions. It is used in land and sea attack, high accuracy strike and nuclear attack, which makes it multrole aircraft. Dassault Aviation created two versions of Rafale Aircraft . Rafale Aircraft is designed for french neavy and Airforce .
When it comes to Rafale's combact operation, it has been used in different countries. Examples are Afganisthan, Mali, Libya, syria, and iraq.
The French Defense Procurement Agency (DGA) qualified the Rafale F3-R standard in October 2018. The F3-R is an advanced version of Rafale F3 standard with improved versatility. In March 2017, the French Government approved the development of Rafale F4.
In February 2012, the Indian Ministry of Defense selected Rafale for the Indian Air Force's MMRCA (medium multirole combat aircraft) program. The contract is worth approximately $ 20bn.
Rafale emerged as the preferred aircraft among various contenders for what is being called the biggest military aviation contract in the world. Its closest contender was Eurofighter's Typhoon.
Under the contract, Dassault will supply 126 Rafale fighters. The first 18 fighters will be supplied by 2015 and the rest will be manufactured in India under a technology transfer to Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL). This contract will be the first international supply for Rafale.
The Indian Government finalized a contract in April 2015 for the acquisition of 36 (28 single-seat and eight dual-seat) Rafale aircraft. An intergovernmental deal worth € 7.87bn ($ 8.82bn) was signed to facilitate the purchase in September 2016. France delivered the first aircraft to India in October 2019.
RAFALE fighter jets is the game changer of indian air force
India is always at risk of war from countries like China and Pakistan, due to which India has to keep its defense strong. India signed 36 - Rafale Aircraft - Deal from France to make its Airforce stronger and modern. Indian Airforce has a shortage of fighter aircrafts at the moment. India mostly has Mig - 21 fighter jets, which are 40 years old. Jaguar aircraft were also purchased in the 1970s. The newest fighter jets that India currently holds is the sukhoi-30 MKI, which was also purchased in 1996. Sukhoi is also a 4-generation aircraft. India has been trying to buy a fighter aircraft since 2002. Indian Air Force needed multirole fighter aircraft for a long time, for this Rafale was selected in 2012 out of 6 companies.
Thereafter, it had to face some technical issue. Technical issue means deliviry service, production related condition in India, technology transfer, all important issues related to shared manufactioring.
When the Primeminister of India went to France in 2016, it was decided in France and India goverment that 36 Rafale jets would be purchased in a flying condition immediately through critical operation neccesty.
NATO Forces are also using Rafale fighter jets in different operations. rafale fighter jets are being used to bomb the ISIS terrorists in Syria and Iraq. The Rafale aircraft that France will give to India will be designed according to India's requirement. Of the 36 Rafale fighter , 28 will be single seater and 8 are double seater aircraft Technical specification Rafale jets has also gone ahead of it by giving a tough competition to the Eurofighter Tyfoon.
Rafale fighter jets weaponns details
Rafale can carry payloads of more than 9t on 14 hardpoints for the airforce version, with 13 for the naval version. The range of weapons includes: Mica, Magic, Sidewinder, ASRAAM and AMRAAM air to air missile , Apache, AS30L, ALARM, HARM, Maverick and PGM100 air-to-ground missiles and Exocet / AM39, Penguin 3 and Harpoon anti-ship missiles.
For a strategic mission the Rafale can deliver the MBDA (formerly Aerospatiale) ASMP stand-off nuclear missile. In December 2004, the MBDA Storm Shadow / Scalp EG stand-off cruise missile was qualified on the Rafale.
In September 2005, the first flight of the MBDA Meteor BVRAAM beyond visual range air-to-air missile was conducted on a Rafale fighter. In December 2005, successful flight trials were carried out from the Charles de Gaulle of the range of Rafale’s weapon systems, Exocet, Scalp-EG, Mica, ASMP-A (to replace the ASMP) and Meteor missiles.
In April 2007, the Rafale carried out the first firing of the Sagem AASM precision-guided bomb, which has both GPS / inertial guidance and, optionally, imaging infrared terminal guidance. Rafale have been equipped with the AASM from 2008. Rafale can carry six AASM missiles, with each aiming to hit the target with 10m accuracy.
The Rafale has a twin gun pod and a Nexter (formerly Giat) 30mm DEFA 791B cannon, which can fire 2,500 rounds a minute. The Rafale is equipped with laser designation pods for laser guidance of air-to-ground missiles.
Rafale fighter jets navigation and communications details
The communications suite on the Rafale uses the Saturn onboard very/ultra-high frequency (V/UHF) radio, which is a second-generation, anti-jam tactical UHF radio for NATO. Saturn provides voice encryption in fast-frequency hopping mode.
The aircraft is also equipped with fixed-frequency VHF / UHF radio for communications with civil air traffic control. A multifunction information distribution system (MIDS) terminal provides secure, high-data-rate tactical data exchange with NATO C2 stations, AWACS aircraft or naval ships.
The Rafale multirole combat fighter is powered by two M88-2 engines, each providing a thrust of 75kN.
Rafale is equipped with a Thales TLS 2000 navigation receiver, which is used for the approach phase of flight. TLS 2000 integrates the instrument landing system (ILS), microwave landing system (MLS) and VHF omni-directional radio-ranger (VOR) and marker functions.
The radar altimeter is the AHV 17 altimeter from Thales, which is suitable for very low flight. The Rafale has a TACAN tactical air navigation receiver for en-route navigation and as a landing aid.
The Rafale has an SB25A combined interrogator-transponder developed by Thales. The SB25A is the first IFF using electronic scanning technology.
Powerfull combact fighter engine
The Rafale is powered by two M88-2 engines from SNECMA, each providing a thrust of 75kN. The aircraft is equipped for buddy-buddy refuelling with a flight refuelling hose reel and drogue pack. The first M88 engine was delivered in 1996. It is a twin-shaft bypass turbofan engine principally suitable for low-altitude penetration and high-altitude interception missions.
The M88 incorporates the latest technologies such as single-piece bladed compressor disks (blisks), an on-polluting combustion chamber, single-crystal high-pressure turbine blades, powder metallurgy disks, ceramic coatings and composite materials.
The M88 engine comprises a three-stage LP compressor with inlet guide vane, an annular combustion chamber, single-stage cooled HP turbine, single-stage cooled LP turbine, radial A/B chamber, variable-section convergent flap-type nozzle and full authority digital engine control (FADEC).
Messier-Dowty provides ‘jumper’ landing gear, designed to springout when the aircraft is catapulted by the nose gear strut.